Water uptake profile response of corn to soil moisture depletion
Li; Y; Fuchs; M; Cohen; S; Wallach; R; Fuchs, M, Agr Res Org, Volcani Ctr, Inst Soil Water & Environm Sci, POB 6, IL-50250 Bet Dagan, Israel
2002
Source PublicationPLANT CELL AND ENVIRONMENT
ISSN0140-7791
Volume25Issue:4Pages:491-500
AbstractThe effects of soil moisture distribution on water uptake of drip-irrigated corn were investigated by simultaneously monitoring the diurnal evolution of sap flow rate in stems, of leaf water potential, and of soil moisture, during intervals between successive irrigations. The results invalidate the steady-state resistive flow model for the continuum. High hydraulic capacitance of wet soil and low hydraulic conductivity of dry soil surrounding the roots damped significantly diurnal fluctuations of water flow from bulk soil to root surface. By contrast, sap flow responded directly to the large diurnal variation of leaf water potential. In wet soil, the relation between the diurnal courses of uptake rates and leaf water potential was linear. Water potential at the root surface remained nearly constant and uniformly distributed. The slope of the lines allowed calculating the resistance of the hydraulic path in the plant. Resistances increased in inverse relation with root length density. Soil desiccation induced a diurnal variation of water potential at the root surface, the minimum occurring in the late afternoon. The increase of root surface water potential with depth was directly linked to the soil desiccation profile. The development of a water potential gradient at the root surface implies the presence of a significant axial resistance in the root hydraulic path that explains why the desiccation of the soil upper layer induces an absolute increase of water uptake rates from the deeper wet layers.
DepartmentAgr Res Org, Volcani Ctr, Inst Soil Water & Environm Sci, IL-50250 Bet Dagan, Israel; Hebrew Univ Jerusalem, Fac Agr, Dept Soil Sci, Jerusalem, Israel; CAS, Xinjiang Inst Ecol & Geog, Urumqi 830011, Xinjiang, Peoples R China
KeywordHydraulic Conductance Field Soybeans Sap Flow Resistance Root Transpiration Transport Cotton Plants Potentials
Subject Area植物生理学
Indexed BySCI
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.xjlas.org/handle/365004/10638
Collection中国科学院新疆生态与地理研究所(2010年以前数据)
Corresponding AuthorFuchs, M, Agr Res Org, Volcani Ctr, Inst Soil Water & Environm Sci, POB 6, IL-50250 Bet Dagan, Israel
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Li,Y,Fuchs,et al. Water uptake profile response of corn to soil moisture depletion[J]. PLANT CELL AND ENVIRONMENT,2002,25(4):491-500.
APA Li.,Y.,Fuchs.,M.,Cohen.,...&Fuchs, M, Agr Res Org, Volcani Ctr, Inst Soil Water & Environm Sci, POB 6, IL-50250 Bet Dagan, Israel.(2002).Water uptake profile response of corn to soil moisture depletion.PLANT CELL AND ENVIRONMENT,25(4),491-500.
MLA Li,et al."Water uptake profile response of corn to soil moisture depletion".PLANT CELL AND ENVIRONMENT 25.4(2002):491-500.
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