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新疆阿尔金山自然保护区黑颈鹤(Grus nigricollis)种群现状与分布/Status and behavior of the Black-necked Crane (Grus nigricollis)in the Altun Mountain Reserve, Xinjiang[J]
张同; 马鸣; 丁鹏; 徐峰; Paul J.BUZZARD; Tong ZHANG; Ming MA; Peng DING; Feng XU; Paul J.BUZZARD; 中国科学院新疆生态与地理研究所,乌鲁木齐,830011; China Exploration and Research Society, B2707 SouthMark, Hong Kong, China
2012
Source Publication中国鸟类
Volume3Issue:3Pages:199-205
Abstract黑颈鹤(Grus nigricollis)是青藏高原特有物种,在新疆主要分布在与青海、西藏相邻的阿尔金山、东昆仑山地区.2011年9-11月,我们对该地区黑颈鹤的种群分布、数量变化、行为活动及生存状况等进行了详细调查.利用样点调查法和直接计数法,对黑颈鹤的分布和种群数量进行了记录.在若羌县(祁曼塔格乡、铁木里克乡)和且末县(吐拉牧场、车尔臣河流域)等地区的湿地中,都观察到有黑颈鹤分布.在依协克帕提湿地(37°15′-37°23′N,90°11′-90°20′E,海拔3903m)最多一次记录到126只黑颈鹤集群,在阿尔金山自然保护区共有黑颈鹤180-200只左右.结合早期的科学考察记录,推测整个新疆的黑颈鹤数量在260只以上.10月中旬,黑颈鹤开始大规模集群,10月29日达到最大值并开始迁徙,11月6日黑颈鹤全部迁徙离开.采用瞬时扫描取样法对黑颈鹤的时间分配和昼间活动节律进行了系统观察.我们将黑颈鹤的日间行为分为8种类型,各行为所占的比例分别为:取食(58.9%)、理羽(13.2%)、警戒(9.5%)、行走(8.2%)、飞行(3.5%)、休息(3.4%)、鸣叫(2.7%)和其他(0.6%).
Keyword黑颈鹤 Grus Nigricollis 分布 种群数量 行为节律 新疆 Black-necked Crane Grus Nigricollis Distribution Population Size Behavior Rhythm Xinjiang
Funding OrganizationThis research was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China ; This research was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China ; the Hong Kong Bird Watching Society China Conservation Fund and the Management Bureau of Altun Mountain Natural Reserve ; the Hong Kong Bird Watching Society China Conservation Fund and the Management Bureau of Altun Mountain Natural Reserve ; This research was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China ; This research was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China ; the Hong Kong Bird Watching Society China Conservation Fund and the Management Bureau of Altun Mountain Natural Reserve ; the Hong Kong Bird Watching Society China Conservation Fund and the Management Bureau of Altun Mountain Natural Reserve
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Language中文
Funding OrganizationThis research was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China ; This research was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China ; the Hong Kong Bird Watching Society China Conservation Fund and the Management Bureau of Altun Mountain Natural Reserve ; the Hong Kong Bird Watching Society China Conservation Fund and the Management Bureau of Altun Mountain Natural Reserve ; This research was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China ; This research was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China ; the Hong Kong Bird Watching Society China Conservation Fund and the Management Bureau of Altun Mountain Natural Reserve ; the Hong Kong Bird Watching Society China Conservation Fund and the Management Bureau of Altun Mountain Natural Reserve
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.xjlas.org/handle/365004/13359
Collection研究系统_荒漠环境研究室
Corresponding Author中国科学院新疆生态与地理研究所,乌鲁木齐,830011; China Exploration and Research Society, B2707 SouthMark, Hong Kong, China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
张同,马鸣,丁鹏,等. 新疆阿尔金山自然保护区黑颈鹤(Grus nigricollis)种群现状与分布/Status and behavior of the Black-necked Crane (Grus nigricollis)in the Altun Mountain Reserve, Xinjiang[J][J]. 中国鸟类,2012,3(3):199-205.
APA 张同.,马鸣.,丁鹏.,徐峰.,Paul J.BUZZARD.,...&China Exploration and Research Society, B2707 SouthMark, Hong Kong, China.(2012).新疆阿尔金山自然保护区黑颈鹤(Grus nigricollis)种群现状与分布/Status and behavior of the Black-necked Crane (Grus nigricollis)in the Altun Mountain Reserve, Xinjiang[J].中国鸟类,3(3),199-205.
MLA 张同,et al."新疆阿尔金山自然保护区黑颈鹤(Grus nigricollis)种群现状与分布/Status and behavior of the Black-necked Crane (Grus nigricollis)in the Altun Mountain Reserve, Xinjiang[J]".中国鸟类 3.3(2012):199-205.
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