|其他摘要||After 2000 year, urban geography study returning to "social culture research", meanwhile, the construction of a harmonious society and creating a service-oriented government were proposed by Chinese government. The basic public services equalization was the core content of residents’ livelihood, and was a hot topic attracted researches. Education in Urumqi, a typical multi-ethnic city located in the northwest border areas of China, is not only the cornerstone of steady development and enriching all nationalities, but also a fundamental guaranteeing for improving city soft power in modernization process. This thesis focus on the education facilities serves ability equalization of primary, secondary and high schools in Urumqi, discuss the spatial distribution of education facilities and social-spatial diversity of services ability. The education facilities service equalization and forming mechanism of un-equalization are also discussed in this paper.
This research obtained following significant findings:
Firstly, modern education in Urumqi careered at the end of Qing dynasty, and then developed in the period of the Republic of China. It forms a integrated education hierarchy after the founding of new China. In planned economy period, the quantity of education facilities are growing steadily, and had an equilibrium spatial distribution relatively. After the reform and opening up, lots of education facilities was merged, and the spatial diversity arised.
Secondly, the distribution of primary, secondary and high schools education facilities shows obviously "core - edge" structure characteristics in Urumqi, with new facilities concentrated in the Northwest urban areas. High level education facilities concentrate in old town of Tianshan district. The private schools concentrated in urban-rural interlaced zone. The accessibility of education facilities is different between urban and rural areas, and there were social disparity of education facilities utilizations between urban and rural areas, the local population and immigration, different ethnic groups, and different careers.
Thirdly, the spatial difference of education service ability is small in Urumqi, which is at a relatively equalized level. Overall service ability from the urban center to the outer sub-urban gradually reduced. The equalization extent of education facilities inside evry district (county) is better than that among districts (county).
Education service equalization has certain historical evolution rule, and corresponding with certain urbanization stages. Present situation of education service is at the early stage of equalization in Urumqi. Due to the rapid expansion of the Urumqi, the service ability of education facilities has an unequality feature. In order to build a more equality education service supply system, the government need further strengthen the construction of school, and change to a service-oriented management ways, establishing scientific urban and rural planning for process management, and attract market and society power to participate in education service improving.|