|其他摘要||Hub airport is no longer a simple local infrastructure which guarantees air transportation in its traditional sense, but more an important driver for social and economic development in the region. Silk Road Economic Belt is a dynamic area and represents a new strategy adopted by Chinese government to open up to Eurasia hinterland areas. Xinjiang is a key area in China with government focuses on. As the leapfrog development policy applied, Xinjiang has become to a functional core region of the Silk-road economic belt and the Urumqi airport boasts the prominent competitiveness and potential to be an international hub airport. The thesis investigated the formation conditions and successful operation experiences of several international hub airports from home and abroad. Under the background of Silk-road economic belt strategy, the thesis has comprehensively considered the regional service, domestic and international transfer functions of international aviation hubs, the current situation, the hardware and software capability and potential of the airports, and the city, region and even the country's future development strategy directions, and then it selected 22 related competitiveness indicators including airport operation, airport location, bearing capacity, hinterland, airport network, base airlines and airport economy and constructed the international aviation hub competitiveness index evaluation system and correspongding theory evaluation system by combining the quantitative and qualitative methods together. That is to say, the thesis uses Delphi method to determine the reference value of qualitative index, and uses AHP method to determine the average weight of the indicators and to calculate the comprehensive competitiveness scores of the sample airports. In addition, the thesis pays great attention to the middle zone of the Silk-Road Economic Belt, so it selected 17 sample airports in western and central Asia and carried on the comprehensive evaluation. According to the competitive advantage degree, it identified 7 potential airports. Then, it proposed three development strategies for establishing international hub airport of Urumqi airport, and further analyzed ite feasibility, building model and airport industry layout. The thesis tried to provide valuable reference to other airports and the future development and cooperation of Silk-road economic belt. The main research conclusions are as follow:
(1) By referring to the definition and classification of hub airport at home and abroad, this thesis conducted comprehensive case analysis on hub airport from aspects of formation background, relying city, development scale, the base company power, special policies and successful business model and identified the successful operation experiences of these international hubs which included excellent strategic location, huge air freight market and transit demand, community support, perfect transfer facilities and service system, base airlines support, stable and coordinate department collaboration, loose policy and law environments.
(2) In order to make evaluation of the international aviation hub competitiveness and potential, the thesis established an international hub airport competitiveness evaluation index system by using AHP method and Delphi method with seven levels and 22 indicators including airport location, bearing capacity, operation ability, base airline power, network advantage, hinterland power and airport economy. Out of the sample airports, Chengdu, Xi’an, Chongqing airports will inevitably become the economy development poles in the southwest and the central regions in the future in virtue of their superior regional network, powerful operation ability, hinterland and airport economy. However, due to the locational disadvantage of these airports, the international routes market development will be impeded by long distance to some extent. The network advantage of Kunming airport is concentrated in the south China, and it could be an international hub of the Maritime Silk-road economic belt in the future. Based on the location advantage of being the central node in Eurasia as well as the political advantage of being the country's capital, Almaty and Astana airports both have well developed a number of direct international flights to West Asia and Europe. But considering the development of domestic economy, feeder network of civil aviation and the carrying capacity of airport facilities, Urumqi Airport is more competitive.
(3) By virtue of the superior air location advantage and the potential radiation of the vast hinterland, Urumqi airport is equipped with transfer and distribution function stretching from Asian-Pacific to central Asia, and further radianting to Europe. It will gradually gained the international air market of central Asia, west Asia, Europe and south Asia and become the gateway hub of China and the central hub of Eurasia as well as the international logistics center and tourist distributing center under the government's policy support, enterprise innovation and civil aviation cross-border cooperation in the future.
(4) The thesis has proposed four development patterns, ten key developing industries and three function orientation for Urumqi international airport economic zone in terms of airport economic development necessity and feasibility analysis. Urumqi airport economic zone industrial layout in general has "three circles", "one belt", "five functional parks" which could assist implementing strategies of Urumqi international logistic hub airport and international tourism distribution port.|