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绿洲城市的产城融合研究——以乌鲁木齐实证分析为例
傅茜
学位类型硕士
导师杨德刚
2015
学位授予单位中国科学院大学
学位授予地点北京
学位专业人文地理学
关键词产城融合 熵值法 空间分异 空间模式 乌鲁木齐
摘要近年来,随着我国产业园区逐步兴起,我国的城市空间与产业空间的分离现象日益凸显,居住人口与就业产业的分离带来了潮汐式交通,城市功能紊乱等问题。绿洲城市是西部地区人类活动最频繁,人地关系最敏感,城市相对独立的区域,且多以资源型产业为主,因此产城矛盾的恶化对绿洲城市可持续发展的影响更为紧迫。同时,产城融合是促进新型城镇化发展的重要支撑,随着我国新型城镇化的提出,其研究意义更为突显。文章通过产城发展的基本历程,总结绿洲城市产城发展规律以及产城融合基本模式,进而选择乌鲁木齐作为典型案例,通过熵值法结合改进的耦合协调度模型对产城融合度的综合指标进行时间轴线的测度,分析1993-2012年间乌鲁木齐产城融合演变的时间历程,然后运用GIS对2012年乌鲁木齐产城融合进行空间分析,并选择相应空间融合模式。文章主要研究内容如下: (1)建立科学合理的产城融合度的综合评价体系。 根据产城融合的概念特点,文章采用的评价体系主要包含系统层、目标层和指标层三个层次。其中,最高级别的系统层为产业发展系统与城市发展系统的确定;目标层是产业方面从产业规模、基础支撑、可持续发展能力等方面进行评价,城市方面从基础设施、居民生活、生态环境等因素进行考虑,通过熵值法进行分值计算,然后改进耦合协调模型进行产城融合度分析以及阶段判定。 (2)总结绿洲城市产城融合的基本模式。 根据产城融合度的判读,对产城关系的不同阶段,进行产城融合的基本类型以及空间融合模式等方面的总结汇总。 (3)选取乌鲁木齐进行实例分析。 对乌鲁木齐产城发展现状进行总结,然后依据产城融合度进行阶段判断,加之空间分析研究产业空间与城市综合空间的相互关系,进而选取相应的产城空间融合模式,并有针对性的提出相应的举措和实施意见。
其他摘要In recent years, with the development of industrial park, the problem of space separation of our urban districts and industry cluster districts is increasingly highlighted. The separation of residential areas and industry parks results in traffic congestion and city function disorder. Oasis cities are some relatively independent regions in the west of China and characterized by the most frequent human activities and the most sensitive relationships between people and land. Furthermore, most oasis cities give priority to resource-based industry. Therefore, the deterioration of the contradiction of city and industry have much more urgent influences on the sustainable development of oasis city. Meanwhile, with the proposal of new urbanization, the City-Industry integration plays an important role in accelerating the development of new urbanization, and the study on City-Industry integration becomes more prominent. In this paper, URUMQI was chose as the typical case. Firstly, the basic model of City-Industry integration was summarized through the history of City-Industry integration development. Then, we constructed an evaluation index system of City subsystem and industry subsystem by the entropy value method to analyze the phase and characteristics of city-industry integration from 1993- to 2012. Finally, the spatial distributions of City-Industry integration of URUMQI in 2012 were analyzed by using GIS , and the space integration model were identified. Main contents of present study are as follows: (1) Established comprehensive evaluation system of City-Industry integration. According to the concept of City-Industry integration, our evaluation system included system layer, target layer and index layer. The parameters of system layer were identified by industry development system and city development system. Target layer were identified by industry system from aspects of industry scale, basic support, the ability of sustainable development and so on. City subsystem selected three aspect and 14 index, including infrastructure, living and ecological environmental protection . The scores of parameters were calculated by entropy value method, and the model and phase judgement of City-Industry integration were identified through the coupling coordination degree model. (2) Summarized the basic model of City-Industry integration. Through the collection of related reviews at home and abroad, the basic concepts, basic types, influence factors and city-industry integration models were summarized. (3) URUMQI was chose as a typical case to analyze City-Industry integration. First, the development-status of city-industry integration in URUMQI were summarized; Then the relationship between industry space and city space were investigated using spatial analysis and the degree of city-industry integration. Finally, the city-industry integration models were identified and specific measurements and solutions were put forward according to the results.
学科领域人文地理学
语种中文
文献类型学位论文
条目标识符http://ir.xjlas.org/handle/365004/14645
专题研究系统_荒漠环境研究室
作者单位中科院新疆生态与地理研究所
推荐引用方式
GB/T 7714
傅茜. 绿洲城市的产城融合研究——以乌鲁木齐实证分析为例[D]. 北京. 中国科学院大学,2015.
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