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中国丝绸之路经济带物流空间特征与优化研究
齐胜达
学位类型硕士
导师雷军
2015
学位授予单位中国科学院大学
学位授予地点北京
学位专业人文地理学
关键词区域物流 城市物流 空间结构 丝绸之路经济带 新疆
摘要区域物流属于人文地理学、经济地理学、物流学和交通运输学的研究范畴,目前对于区域物流空间结构的研究成果较少。本研究旨在运用区域空间结构研究方法与实证分析方法,探讨中国丝绸之路经济带物流空间特征与优化建议,在此背景下着重研究新疆城市物流空间特征与主要节点城市物流发展定位,提出空间结构优化建议与物流业发展对策。 本文从经济发展水平、物流需求状况、物流产业规模、信息化水平、基础设施建设五个方面构建了区域物流综合发展水平指标体系,运用因子分析、引力模型、区位基尼系数、区位商等方法,对中国丝绸之路经济带区域物流和新疆城市物流的空间特征及优化进行了研究,最后提出新疆建设丝绸之路经济带核心区过程中城市物流的发展对策。结果表明:(1)中国丝绸之路经济带的区域物流发展水平地区间差异较大,在东、中、西三大地带上的空间分布圈层特征明显,且与经济发展状况呈正相关关系;区域物流分布比较集中,集聚趋势由加强演变为减弱;空间集聚效应和分散效应并存,使得各省份间区域物流集聚程度的差异不断扩大;区域物流联系强度显著增强,区域物流网络得到进一步完善,较完整的多等级区域物流网络结构基本形成;中国丝绸之路经济带的建设要充分发挥国内各地区比较优势,实行更加积极主动的开放战略,加强东中西互动合作。(2)在新疆,乌鲁木齐、喀什、伊犁的物流发展水平较高,它们是新疆面向国际最重要的物流商贸通道;乌鲁木齐城市物流发展主要问题表现在布局不合理物流成本偏高,功能空泛、专业化程度较低,节点层级关系模糊流网络化水平低,城区道路设计不当,交通条件较差;新疆现代物流网络可以划分为三大层次:国际型城市物流圈(乌鲁木齐市城市物流圈)、三大地域性物流网络、区域物流网络;新疆应构建“一核两极”的区域物流空间结构,实现以点带面,“一核”是乌昌石城市群、“两极”是霍尔果斯(伊犁)、喀什两个国家级特殊经济开发区;新疆在建设丝绸之路经济带核心区时构建三级体系,将乌鲁木齐市、喀什市、伊犁市和霍尔果斯市等建设成为新疆面向国际的城市物流中心。乌鲁木齐建设国际性城市物流中心,喀什建设面向西亚和南亚的区域性物流中心,伊犁面向中亚和欧洲建设区域性城市物流中心,其他节点城市建设地区物流中心。(3)新疆在建设丝绸之路经济带核心区的进程中,为加快城市物流发展要做到:加快物流业发展的专题研究,加强物流基础设施建设,包括交通基础设施、配套基础设施、物流节点内部基础设施等,加快完善现代物流体系,包括产业物流、区域物流、国际物流、航空物流业。另外,在加强组织领导、完善政策扶持体系、建设物流载体、培养物流人才等方面,也要继续努力。
其他摘要Regional logistics research belongs to the category of human geography, economic geography, logistics and transportation. Achievements on spatial structure of regional logistics are few. The present study aimed to investigate the logistics spatial characteristics and optimization proposals in China Silk Road Economic Zone, study the urban logistics spatial characteristics and logistics development orientation of main node city in Xinjiang using regional spatial structure method and empirical analysis method. In the end, suggestions of spatial structure optimization and countermeasures of logistics development were put forward. We built index system of the regional logistics development level from five aspects of economic development level, logistics demand, logistics industry scale, information level and infrastructure construction. Then we studied regional logistics and urban logistics spatial characteristics and optimization in Silk Road Economic Zone and Xinjiang using the factor analysis, the gravity model, location quotient and Gini coefficient. At last, development countermeasures of urban logistics in Xinjiang were put forward in the construction process of the core of Silk Road Economic Zone. The results showed: (1) The differences of developmental levels in different regions in Silk Road Economic Zone were great. The spatial distributions in the east, middle and west zones were distinctive and strongly correlated with economic development. The spatial distributions of regional logistics presented a pattern of multicenter hierarchical diffusion and the logistics nodes appeared strong gradient relationships. Regional logistics distributions were relatively concentrated and agglomeration trends change from strong to weak. Spatial agglomeration effect and dispersion effect made differences of agglomeration degree between provinces expand. The contact intensity of regional logistics is significantly enhanced and an integrated network has formed. We should take full use of the comparative advantage, carried out a more proactive opening-up strategy, strengthened cooperation in the construction of China Silk Road Economic Zone. (2) Logistics development level of Urumqi, Kashi and Yili were higher in Xinjiang and they were the most important international logistics trade channel of Xinjiang. Main problems of logistics development in Urumqi are unreasonable layout and high cost, vague function and low specialization degree, fuzzy node hierarchy and low network level, undeserved urban road design and poor traffic conditions. The modern logistics network in Xinjiang can be divided into three levels. Spatial structure of urban logistics in Xinjiang should be “One pole, two nuclear”. One pole is urban agglomeration of Urumqi- Changji-Shihezi. Two nuclear are Huorguos and Kashi. During the construction of core area in Silk-road Economic Zone, we can adopt different development model in different urban logistics node city of Xinjiang, and build a three-level urban logistics system. Urumqi, Kasha and Yili should be constructed as the international logistics center city. Urumqi will be constructed as an international logistics center city. Kasha and Yili will be constructed as a regional logistics center city facing the west Asia, South Asia, central Asia and Europe. The other node cities will be constructed as logistics center city. (3)In order to involve in the construction of regional logistics in the Silk-road Economic Zone, Xinjiang should accelerate special study of logistics industry and strengthen the construction of logistics infrastructure, speed up the perfect modern logistics system, strengthen organization and leadership and perfect the policy support system, strengthen the effective connection in any mode of transport, promote the construction of logistics carrier, develop the logistics personnel training actively.
学科领域人文地理学
语种中文
文献类型学位论文
条目标识符http://ir.xjlas.org/handle/365004/14663
专题研究系统_荒漠环境研究室
作者单位中科院新疆生态与地理研究所
推荐引用方式
GB/T 7714
齐胜达. 中国丝绸之路经济带物流空间特征与优化研究[D]. 北京. 中国科学院大学,2015.
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