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旅游街景图像的采集方法与技术体系研究
覃文敏
学位类型硕士
导师杨兆萍
2015
学位授予单位中国科学院大学
学位授予地点北京
学位专业人文地理学
关键词旅游街景 图像采集 技术体系 公路景观
摘要街景是旅游信息化时代的产物,开创了一种全新的地图阅读方式。街景在旅游业中具有极高的应用价值,目前已在虚拟旅游、旅游决策和旅游教学等方面得到应用。本文在分析和总结国内外街景的理论研究和应用研究进展的基础上,针对旅游景观特性,构建了旅游街景图像采集的方法与技术体系,并以全新疆和部分景区与地区为例,进行了实例分析,对于丰富街景技术的理论,指导旅游街景图像的采集工作具有一定的理论和现实意义。本文的主要内容和结论如下: 第一,以摄影美学理论、景观美学理论和公路景观学理论为基础理论,厘清了旅游信息化、旅游电子地图、街景地图和公路景观的概念。从街景采集技术、街景隐私保护和社区环境和公共设施评价等五个方面,对街景的国内外理论研究进展进行了总结;对国内外的街景地图服务进行了分析和评价,概括了街景的应用领域和方向。通过国内外研究进展的总结,指出了目前理论和应用研究中所存在的局限性,以此引出了本文的主要研究内容,即街景图像的采集过程和方法;旅游街景采集方法与技术体系;公路景观带街景采集方法与技术体系。 第二,以实地采集经验为基础,系统地总结和分析街景图像的采集方法与技术体系。对所采用的街景图像采集设备和空间信息采集设备进行了说明,并从取景速度、采集量和限制因素等7个方面对各种街景采集平台适用的空间和采集对象进行了对比分析;以流程图的方式,分析和厘清了新疆旅游街景图像的整体工作流程,对街景图像的处理流程进行了梳理,并从数据统计和空间分布上,总结了新疆街景图像采集工作的采集数据量和空间分布。 第三,以提高街景图像的质量为目标,分析路面质地与等级、采集密度与速率和气象气候条件等因素,对街景图像质量的影响途径和程度;气象气候条件是影响街景图像质量的主要影响因素,本文以新疆各地州和部分地区为例,从各类气象气候条件的作用方式出发,并将其量化,计算出了新疆各地州的最佳采集月份,初步拟定了两条新疆街景采集线路。 第四,从旅游景观的分类出发,从采集时间、采集角度、采集距离、采集平台和采集线路等五个方面,提出了针对各类旅游景观的特性设计采集方案的思路,并以新疆部分景区为例,进行了实例分析和研究。在此基础上,本文将旅游街景的采集对象分为了旅游景区、旅游城市和旅游交通三大类,分析各个采集对象的功能需求和内在影响因素,并以布尔津县、白哈巴村和省道S232为例,分析各自的街景图像采集与处理方案;将公路景观带从旅游交通中分离出来,从公路景观带的特性出发,分析其功能需求和影响因素,最后本文以独库公路为例,针对其特性,对独库公路进行分段,针对每一路段的不同特征,制定相应的采集工作方案,形成了一套公路景观带的街景图像采集方法与技术体系。
其他摘要Street-view is an outcome of tourism informatization, and a new way to Map view. Street-view has been broadly applied in virtual tourism, travel decision-making and tourism teaching. In this article, we made an summary to the research progress of Street-view home and abroad, set out its application on Inspecting a House, Project presentation, Education and research development, E-commerce, Virtual campus, Museum, and Theater. On this basis, aiming at different object, such as tourist attraction, city and transportation, we work out the corresponding capture flows and plans, and processing scheme. At last, we set Xinjiang province and some areas in Xinjiang province as examples, and analyze its capture flows and plans, and processing scheme. The main contents and conclusions in this article are as follows: 1. Based on landscape aesthetics and Highway landscape, the concept and principles of tourism informatization, electronic map,Street-view and highway landscape are clarified. We made an summarize and an contrast to the research progress of Street-view home and abroad. Finally, we made an evaluation of Street-view service in different countries and companies, then we generalize the application of Street-view. Through the above study,we found many shortcomings in the present study, Aiming at these shortcomings, we put forward our research contents, including the data acquisition process of Street-view, the data acquisition process of Street-view to tourism scenic spots, and the data acquisition process of Street-view to highway landscape. 2. Taking putting into practice as basis,we made an systematic summary and analysis for acquisition method and technology system of Street-view. Firstly, an introduction for capture device of image and spatial information was made; Secondly, from 7 aspects, we summarized the suitable object and space of different data collecting platform; Then, we clarified the capture workflows for Xinjiang Street-view; At last, we made an mathematical spatial statistics to the Xinjiang Steet-view. 3. There is fewer study on the data acquisition process of Street-view, and the technical system of image collection and processing methods of tourist Street-view is a very complex flows, each subjective and objective factor had greater effects to the quality of Street-view image, such as the texture and level of the pavement, capture density and natural environmental condition. In chapter four, we focus on these problems, and made a systematically analyse. Finally, based on field work, we made an statistic to the spatial distribution of Xinjiang Street-view. 4. Street-view service for tourism scenic spots is insufficient, and the ways of the data acquisition is too old. In Chapter Five ,from the perspective of classification of tourism landscape, we analyze the functional requirement and internal influence factors, and set Burqin county, White khabarov village,No.232 provincial highway an examples, analyze its capture flows and plans, and processing scheme. Finally, we made an analysis of the features of highway landscape and the functional requirement and internal influence factors, then aiming at the Characteristics of Duku Highway, we analyze its capture flows and plans, and processing scheme.
学科领域人文地理学
语种中文
文献类型学位论文
条目标识符http://ir.xjlas.org/handle/365004/14668
专题研究系统_荒漠环境研究室
作者单位中科院新疆生态与地理研究所
推荐引用方式
GB/T 7714
覃文敏. 旅游街景图像的采集方法与技术体系研究[D]. 北京. 中国科学院大学,2015.
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