|其他摘要||World Natural Heritage sites (WNHs) are the region with outstanding scientific and aesthetic values during the evolution of earth, which play a key role in the preservation of the diversity of ecology and landscape, and rare and endangered species. They have being under consistent attention in the world. Monitoring, an important tool of protection and management of WNHs, can provide early warning for possible and existed threats to managers, and this will be helpful for managers to make reasonable decision to protect our treasures. Xinjiang Tianshan, located in remotely and multi-ethnical region, threatened by over-grazing and lacking protection and management plans. It is in urgent need to improve the monitoring system and establish scientific protection and management plans.
Firstly, relevant researches and existed monitoring works on WNHs were summarized in the research. And then, the thesis defined the content of heritage monitoring and its characteristics, put forward the framework of the comprehensive system of heritage monitoring, which is a useful tool to improve the protection and monitoring of WNHs. Lastly, the study took the Xinjiang Tianshan as an example, put forward the monitoring indicators system, safeguard measures, and optimized monitoring system of Bogda, to guide and strengthen its’ protection and management. The research would provide technical support for the protection and monitoring of Xinjiang Tianshan, enrich the theory of WNHs protection.
Conclusions of the thesis are as follows:
(1) Based on intensive study of the researches and a large number of works of heritage monitoring, and the analysis on the threats to WNHs, the thesis proposed the connotation of heritage monitoring, and the target of protection and management of WNHs. Then, the thesis put forward a framework consisted by indicators system of heritage monitoring, optimization model of monitoring system, and supporting measures, guiding the protection and monitoring of WNHs.
(2) On the basis of investigations on each sites of Xinjiang Tianshan, and the communication with experts and local managers, the thesis established reasonable target of protection and management. Finally, it was found that the preservation of heritage values, development of heritage sites, and the simulation of threats, are the target of the protection and management of Xinjiang Tianshan. General and specific monitoring programs were planned to each sites according to its needs and characteristics. Monitoring indicators could be classified into state indicators and threat indicators. And, indicators system of heritage monitoring were established based on the criteria and methods of monitoring programs in the world.
(3) The protection and monitoring of Xinjiang Tianshan has being restricted by complicated management systems, and shortage of professional managers and finance, according to the investigation on each sites and interview with mangers. It was also found that the managers hold positive attitude towards the monitoring on Xinjiang Tianshan based on the open questionnaire survey of 56 local managers. The results revealed that Xinjiang Tianshan would be protected effectively by establishing round protection and management system, providing stable fund, recruiting professional managers, and standardized monitoring institution. Each site of Xinjiang Tianshan should choose suitable mode to carry out heritage monitoring.
(4) Bogda was selected as the example to study the optimization of monitoring system with multi-decision making. Firstly, the thesis analyzed the existed monitoring in Bogda, and put forward the rules to distribute monitoring sites to meet the target of the protection and management. Secondly, a database and the model of the optimization of Bogda were established to determine suitable monitoring region. Lastly, the thesis proposed a planned monitoring system of Bogda based on above analysis, supporting the protection of Bogda.|